Woman using wheelbarrow in her garden.

How do you start laying out your garden? For us we started simply: by asking ourselves these four important questions first.

1. What do you want the results of your garden to be?

Everything stands or falls with a good garden design. Start by asking yourself these questions:

  • What kind of garden do you want to create and what will you be using it for?
  • Do you want a space to sit outside and enjoy your garden or is it purely functional?
  • Do you have a green thumb or are you new to gardening and prefer a low-maintenance garden?
  • How much space do you have for a garden?
  • Is it indoor or outdoor?

2. How do you start?

You don’t always have to start from scratch. Perhaps there are already beautiful trees, shrubs or plants that can give your new garden structure. Also think about the orientation. Is the garden facing the warm south, the wet west or the cold north?

The same goes for the location. Do you live near the sea or inland? You cannot change aspects such as location and orientation, but you can adjust other circumstances such as shade and planting.

Is the soil in good condition?

A beautiful garden starts with a set gardening space and healthy soil. Remove all construction debris. Loosen and airy the soil with a machine. If you use backfill, it is better to wait a while before laying a terrace or garden paths. Otherwise you risk subsidence.

Designing your layout?

Your layout depends on your personal preference. Landscape architects use the rule that a garden must be surprising. No matter how small it is, you should never be able to see it in one glance. Therefore, provide elements of surprise. Be careful not to exaggerate and make sure that the garden matches the style of your home.

The classification starts with the structure. This consists of evergreen shrubs or hedges that may or may not lose their leaves. If you want privacy , don’t use deciduous trees and shrubs. The structure forms the background of your garden. Then divide the garden into groups and fill in the different boxes.

The function and the frequency of use determine where fixed elements are placed. You use a swimming pool less and place it at the back, while the terrace belongs close to the house. A pond is better located a little further away from the house to avoid being bothered by mosquitoes, unless you want to enjoy the soothing lapping of water from your terrace.


You don’t have to have any experience to have a garden. Gardening is extremely popular so there are tons of resources and people with know-how to help you. The m ain thing is to know the purpose of your garden and what you want it to look like and produce.